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Phonics is recommended as the first strategy that children should be taught when they are learning to read and write. It runs alongside other teaching methods such as guided reading and shared reading, which help children develop all the other vital reading skills.  As a school we follow the Letters and Sounds guidance alongside phonics play planning to ensure appropriate coverage of phonics skills needed to be embed across the lower phase and into KS2. 
Coverage of phonics is split into 5 phases. Phases 1, 2 and 3 are taught in Reception and phases 4 and 5a/b are taught in Year 1. Year 2 continue phase 5c, exploring the spelling patterns.
Phase 6 of the letters and sounds has now been divided between years 1 and 2 in line with the National curriculum for spelling. (Below you can find details of the coverage in each phase, including graphemes and tricky words to be taught) 
A range of resources, such as Jolly Phonics actions, flashcards and games are used across the phase to enhance the children’s learning experiences.